Hi Friends, Watch? New Hope For Cure Type 1 Diabetes | New Treatment Found : https://goo.gl/UnZvu8
Renewed Hope to Cure Type 1 Diabetes
An "islet transplant" procedure currently transfers clusters of cells called islets, which produce insulin and make up a very small percentage of the pancreas, from a healthy person to another with diabetes. The goal is to help patients ultimately live without daily injections of insulin.
A shortage of human donors, however, and vicious side effects caused by anti-rejection drugs often taken after organ transplants--make the procedure costly and recovery arduous.
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers are exploring ways to wrap pig tissue with a protective coating to ultimately fight diabetes in humans. The nano-thin bilayers of protective material are meant to deter or prevent immune rejection.
In New Zealand and Europe more than a dozen humans have had pigs cells transplanted into their bodies to control diabetes.
So far two patients have been able to stop using insulin.
The trial is now being considered in Australia.
Michael Helyer, 54, has had type 1 diabetes since he was a child, but 14 years ago became the first man in the world to have pig cells transplanted into his pancreas.
The cells were designed to mimic the body's natural production of insulin.
"At peak performance my cells were producing 30 per cent of my requirement," he said.
"What that means is that you can reduce your insulin dose by 30 per cent. Your chances of having a terrible low blood sugar episode are much diminished."
The cells continued to work inside Mr Helyer's body for nine years.
As the first human to be trialed, the number of cells transplanted was very small. But some of the recent transplant patients have been able to stop using insulin altogether.
It's a research project that is now being watched by millions of diabetics around the world who hope to someday relieve or even eliminate their own symptoms.
"We have now more and more reason to believe that we can turn this into a tangible benefit for diabetics and their families," Hering said. "We can make transplantation routine, commonplace and on-demand."
"The pigs are not currently housed on that island. They're housed in a very special containment facility which keeps that nice pristine, infection-free, bug-free status."
With no moratorium in place, Living Cell Technologies hopes to conduct more human trials in Australia by the end of the year
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